Now that it has reached middle-income status, China’s eco

nomic strategy will focus on creating a highly competitive domestic market that forces com

panies to produce high-value goods so they can pay high wages to highly skilled people.

Because of its long experience in manufacturing, much of tha

t push will be focused on higher value-added production, using the new technologies of r

obotics, artificial intelligence, the internet of things and 5G. This is the only way to avoid the middle-income trap.

The reform and opening-up policies are exactly the kinds of market-driven reforms

needed to make this happen. The Chinese government is investing heavily in research and development, but it sho

uld be noted that the R&D spending as a percentage of GDP is still lower than that of the US.

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he scholars suggested that authorities such as th

 National Health Commission should monitor all gene-editing centers and IVF clinics in China to ensure trials are in line with regulations.

A national registry dedicated to clinical trials involving cell technologies should be established to pro

mote greater transparency, they said, so that before a trial begins scientists would need to pass an

ethics review and provide a list of names of all participating scientists and institutions.

Universities and research institutes should strengthen education and

training in bioethics and scientific and medical professionalism, covering research sci

entists and students of science, medicine and the humanities at all levels, they said.

In addition, more efforts should be undertaken to eliminate prejudice against people wi

th disabilities, which exists in the minds of some scholars, they said. Following the gene-edited baby incid

ent, government departments have vowed to improve supervision, and new regulations are being made or revised.

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Uber was the biggest of a group of Silicon Valley startu

ups that have spent years raising money in private rounds at record prices. Many of these com

panies are now looking to follow with their own IPO. Some, like Uber and Lyft, are unprofitable.

Workplace messaging company Slack Technologies Inc plans to hold an investor presentation on Monday in adv

ance of its direct listing next month. Grocery and food delivery platform Postmates, WeWork owner The We Co

mpany and online mattress retailer Casper Sleep are among startups seeking to launch IPOs this year.

“If a venture capital investor wants to burn cash they can do that as long as they want, bu

t once you get to the public markets you have to show profitability or a path to it,” said Jordan Stuart, a po

rtfolio manager at Federated Kaufmann who often purchases companies’ shares during an IPO.

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It was Washington’s decision to recognize Jerusalem

as the capital of Israel and Israeli sovereignty over the Golan Heights that fueled the massive protests from Palest

inians and the Arab world and deepened the enmity between the Palestinians and Israelis.

The Trump administration has closely aligned itself with Israel’s right wing, and on Su

nday night, US President Donald Trump reinforced this when he tweeted his “100%” su

pport for Israel’s actions, blaming the violence on “terrorist groups Hamas and Islamic Jihad”.

Israel and Hamas have fought three wars since the Islamic militant group s

eized control of Gaza from Western-backed Palestinian forces in 2007, but its leader Ism

ail Haniyeh said Hamas is “not interested in a new war” and is ready to “return to the state of calm” if Israel stop

s its attacks “and immediately starts implementing understandings about a dignified life”. In the past, Hamas has hal

ted attacks in return for the easing of an Egyptian and Israeli blockade imposed on Gaza.

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Using a variety of advanced technologies-augmente

 reality, artificial intelligence, virtual reality and human-computer interaction-scenes are create

d based on ancient Chinese classics, such as the Classic of Mountains and Seas, in which mythical an

imals appear in forests, lightning flashes, thunder rumbles, wind blows and rain pours.

Visitors can experience primeval nature in a part of the exhibition developed by the Beijing World Horticultural Expo Co

ordination Bureau and the Chinese Academy of Sciences’ Institute of Automation.

In addition, visitors can experience what it’s like to ride in an autonomous vehicle. Three driv

erless vehicles developed by Baidu-two with eight seats and one with four seats-offer rides in the park.

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Sourabh Gupta, resident senior fellow at the Washingto

ton-based Institute for China-American Studies, specifically praised the new Foreign Investm

ent Law-passed in March by China’s national legislature and effective in 2020-which he said is “a far

sighted piece of legislation” that “will firmly usher in a new round of reform and opening-up”.

“Strong measures to deal with political, regulatory and administrative noncompliance are envisaged. A robust wor

king mechanism to promptly address foreign businesses’ complaints is also envisaged,” said Gupta, who believes the p

rovisions are a big step in assuring foreign businesses that the playing field is leveled in China.

“It is the predictability, transparency and nondiscrimination bent of the law which, in my view, will lead to a significant inw

ard flow of foreign capital in key services and advanced manufacturing sectors,” he said.

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Venezuela’s ANC president calls for defending govt

Venezuela’s National Constituent Assembly (ANC) President Diosdado Cabello called on the Venezuelan people to “d

efend” the government of President Nicolas Maduro on Tuesday before the alleged coup occurred earlier.

“We invite all the people of Caracas, come to the Miraflores Palace (seat of government) immediately,” said Cabello.

Speaking to the television station VTV, Cabello said that from the “first hour” of Tues

day, President Maduro was checking and reviewing everything that had happened.

“We are already taking corresponding actions. They are fully identified. There are the sa

me coup leaders as always, those who do not respect the rules of democracy,” Cabello said.

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Oh Ei Sun, a senior fellow at the Singapore Institut

e of International Affairs, noted Xi’s emphasis on high-quality development, free t

rade and people-to-people bonds, “all of which are sorely needed around the world”.

“The shift toward high-quality development is a natural extension of what China has been doing for the past few ye

ars. Now that the BRI is five years old, it’s about time to upgrade quality joint development,” he said.

“China is trying to address the concerns that have been raised sinc

e the last Belt and Road Forum two years ago. One of these concerns is the need for infr

astructure projects to be more responsive to the local circumstances of BRI member countries.”

Duncan Freeman, a research fellow at the EU-China Research Centre at t

he College of Europe in Bruges, Belgium, said infrastructure is important for economic gro

wth, so building infrastructure and building connectivity and efficient infrastructure are important.

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The reception followed a meeting of Russian and DPRK

delegations, which was preceded by a one-on-one meeting between Putin and Kim.

Kim arrived here in his train on Wednesday for his first meeting with Putin.

The meeting came at a time when tensions were growing between the DPRK and t

he United States.At the end of 2018, Australia became another “surveillance state” with the passing of the T

elecommunications and Other Legislation Amendment Bill or the Assistance and Access Bill 2018.

Last week, the DPRK test-fired a new tactical guided weapon and requested Washi

ngton to exclude U.S. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo from future negotiations.

In response, Pompeo swept aside Pyongyang’s demand ab

out replacing him by someone “more careful and mature” to deal with the talks.

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China will improve the market environment for c

 car sales and expand the supply of automobiles as part of its latest efforts to boost auto consum

ption, Gao Feng, the spokesperson for the Ministry of Commerce, said at a press conference early this month.

By the end of 2018, China’s six cities namely Beijing, Shanghai, Shenzhen, Guangzhou, Hangzhou and Tianijin carried

out the purchase restriction of fuel-powered passenger cars, said Shao Jiang, an analyst at Everbright Securities. “If thes

e cities double their rising number of new cars, it could bring a 2.8 percent year-on-year growth for the wh

ole passenger car market.”Editor’s Note: The eight explosions in Sri Lanka on Easter Sunday have claimed more tha

n 300 lives and left over 500 people injured. A ninth explosion was reported on Monday near a church in Colombo, but n

one was reported killed or injured. The Islamic State reportedly claimed responsibility for the bombings on Tue

sday. Two experts share their views on the attacks with China Daily’s Liu Jianna. Excerpts follow

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